Climate Adapted Cropping Systems & Value Chains Development Sorghum, Pearl Millet & Groundnut

GCSM collaborates on the development of accelerated cropping systems and value chain development in Madagascar.

This project and research is conducted in partnership with the Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Peanut at the University of Georgia. 


Adaptation to climate change is critical to overall food security in Madagascar. Sorghum, pearl millet and groundnut food systems are well-suited to Madagascar’s climate and are growing in demand across Africa due to their resilience to extreme conditions—heat, drought, climate variability and poor soils. 

Several critical steps must be taken to integrate these crops into Madagascar’s value chain and improve smallholder and commercial sector performance. The Global Collaboration on Sorghum and Millet based at K-State is engaged in an accelerated cropping systems and value chain development project funded by USAID in Madagascar.



The GCSM focuses on facilitating the exchange of knowledge and expertise in the sorghum value chain developed in Africa and Madagascar. The GCSM facilitates the development of infrastructure for field-testing sorghum varieties that have proven successful in similar climates, quality seed production and distribution, development of storage for food and seed, and establishment of a value chain for sorghum in Madagascar.



This project and research was funded by a USAID Feed the Future grant to  the Innovation Lab for Innovation Lab for Peanut, based at the University of Georgia, and the Global Collaboration for Sorghum and Millet. GCSM is managed at Kansas State University.


Award Amount

$2,500,000 (2023-2025)

Research Team

Dr. Timothy Dalton
Dr. Alemu Tirfessa
Mr. Nat Bascom

U.S.A. collaborating institutions

Kansas State University
University of Georgia

International collaborating institutions

Madagascar - National Center for Applied Research on Rural Development (FOFIFA)
Ethiopia - Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR)
Senegal - Institut de Senegalais de Recherches Agrocles (ISRA)
Niger - Institut National de la Recherche Agronimique du Niger (INRAN)


Principal Investigator

Dr. Timothy Dalton

Kansas State University

Professor of Agricultural Economics and Director of the Global Collaboration on Sorghum and Millet
Phone: 785-532-7176
Phone: 785-477-8239
Email: [email protected]

Project Description

The project is focused on accelerating the development of the sorghum, pearl millet and groundnut value chains through agroecological intensification, which will increase the nutritional and financial benefits to participants.

Key entry points identified include increased access to improved sorghum and pearl millet varieties and hybrids, identification of optimal planting dates and seeding rates, and the development of value-added products and delivery chains. An in-depth analysis has yet to be conducted for groundnuts, but similar issues are present. 

The project has three main goals:

  • Improve the productivity and profitability of farmers by introducing new adapted varieties and agronomic practices for sorghum, pearl millet and groundnuts into the seed system. 
  • Enhance the agricultural value chain of these important commodities through the adoption of new technologies and market opportunities. 
  • Develop a national public and private stakeholder working platform in Madagascar.

Progress and Impact

With a Pan-Africa approach, GCSM is working with public and private partners in Madagascar to introduce improved sorghum varieties from our Pan Africa plant breeding / seed systems network.  Several varieties will be registered nationally and seed is being bulked for large farmer scaling activities.  

These farmer-led research and extension networks are scaling climate-smart production technologies, supporting increased resiliency in vulnerable communities and advancing long-term, sustainable solutions.

Sites were selected based on the Madagascar Ministry of Agriculture’s strategic plan for building a belt of dryland farming systems from the northwest to the southeast.

  • Menabe region in the districts of Ampanihy, Analaiva, Kirindy
  • Androy region in the districts of Beloha, Ambovombe-Androy and Tsihombe
  • Atsimo-Andrefana region
  • Boeny region 
  • Melaky region